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Analytics Last Updated 

July 23, 2024


Mixed Inflation Data and Lower Mortgage Rates

Investors were focused on the inflation data this week, but the two big reports revealed mixed results. In testimony to Congress on Tuesday, Fed Chair Powell explicitly said that he is providing no new signals about the timing of future monetary policy, so his comments caused little reaction. The net effect of these events was that mortgage rates ended the week slightly lower.


The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is one of the most widely followed inflation indicators. To reduce short-term volatility and get a better sense of the underlying inflation trend, investors typically look at core CPI, which excludes the food and energy components. In June, Core CPI was 3.3% higher than a year ago, down from 3.4% last month, and the lowest annual rate of increase since April 2021. 



Although this annual rate has fallen from a peak of 6.6% in September 2022, it is still far above the readings around 2.0% seen early in 2021, which is the stated target level of the Fed. One big reason is that shelter (housing) costs remain elevated and again were responsible for the largest portion of the increase. However, the CPI data measures shelter costs with a lag, and more timely indicators from other sources suggest that this component will slowly come down later in the year. Also notable, used vehicle prices declined 1.5% from May and were down 10% from a year ago. 

In contrast to CPI, another major inflation indicator released this week which measures costs for producers was significantly higher than expected. The core Producer Price Index (PPI) was 3.0% higher than a year ago, up from an annual rate of 2.6% last month and far above the consensus forecast. This was the highest annual rate since April 2023. Investors place less weight on PPI, since it reflects a smaller slice of the economy than CPI. 

Report Definitions

If you are considering selling your property and would like a copy of our book, “A SELLER’S GUIDE TO PRICING A HOME CORRECTLY”, please contact us.  Our book is 31 pages and covers all aspects we consider when advising a client on the value of their home. 

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